22 sussex dr chatham rochester kent
During this period, from the recall of the legions until the Norman conquest, Rochester was sacked at least twice and besieged on another occasion.
The medieval period saw the building of the current cathedral (1080–1130, 12), the building of two castles and the establishment of a significant town. Its basic street plan was set out, constrained by the river, Watling Street, Rochester Priory and the castle.
Rochester and its neighbouring communities were hit hard by this and have experienced a painful adjustment to a post-industrial economy, with much social deprivation and unemployment resulting.
On the closure of Chatham Dockyard the area experienced an unprecedented surge in unemployment to 24%; this had dropped to 2.4% of the local population by 2014.
During the First World War the Short Brothers' aircraft manufacturing company developed the first plane to launch a torpedo, the Short Admiralty Type 184, at its seaplane factory on the River Medway not far from Rochester Castle.
In the intervening period between the 20th century World Wars the company established a world-wide reputation as a constructor of flying boats with aircraft such as the Singapore, Empire 'C'-Class and Sunderland.
During the later Roman period the settlement was walled in stone.
Rochester was recognised as a City from 1211 to 1998.
The City of Rochester's ancient status was unique, as it had no formal council or Charter Trustees nor a Mayor, instead having the office of Admiral of the River Medway, whose incumbent acted as de facto civic leader.
King Ethelbert of Kent (560–616) established a legal system which has been preserved in the 12th century Textus Roffensis.
In AD 604 the bishopric and cathedral were founded.