Gender and contextual factors in adolescent dating violence
Research has demonstrated that adolescents’ risk of abusive relationships increases for teenagers who engage in sexual activities at an early age believe dating violence is acceptable, and have conflicts with their partner. Many studies of heterosexual couples have shown that men are normally the perpetrators of dating violence and that women are primarily the victims.
However, a growing field of research suggests that behaviors in teen relationships shape future adult relationships.
The 2016 report of the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) on the health risks of lesbian, gay and bisexual (LGB) high school students found 23% had experienced sexual dating violence, 18% had been forced to have sex, and 18% had experienced physical dating violence.
Teens are particularly susceptible to peer pressure and influences, even when violence is involved. Statistics on who is being hurt as well as who is hurting them vary greatly.
They are also more likely to engage in risky behaviors such as binge drinking, physical fights, earlier sexual activity, smoking, and drug use.
However, it is not clear if dating violence causes these problems or if adolescents with these problems are more susceptible to dating violence.